In 1663, the French Jesuit missionaries, headed by Father Jacques Marquette, founded the first catholic mission in Michigan. Frence missionaries and fur traders worked with the Native Americans to accommodate trade. The French mantained control of Michigan and the great lakes like this until the end of the Frence and Indian War, in 1760.
British administrators were not as nice to the Michigan natives. The British fur trade victimized Michigan Natives and the British administrators refused to distribute weapon supplies and liquor like the French had.
In 1763, Angry with British rule, Native Michiganians revolted because of British mistreatment, and they took many British forts and laid seige to Detroit, although they failed to take the city, the British aknowledged Native American concerns around the great lakes and laid the foundation for the Proclamation of 1763, which reduced American westward settlement. This incident is called "Pontiac's Rebellion".
In 1783, the Treaty of Paris, in which was a clause that asserted British troops leave Michigan territory, was signed, but the British military did not leave their encampments for thirteen years. As designated by the Northwest ordinance of 1787, Michigan became part of the Northwest territory.
After Ohio became the first state formed from the Northwest territory, Michigan became it's own territory that was governed by William Hull.